The Eiffel Tower opened 232 years ago
For the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution of 1789 in Paris, the Eiffel Tower built by Gustav Eiffel was opened 232 years ago. The tower has also become the symbol of France all over the world. It takes its name from the company that built it, Gustave Eiffel. One of the biggest tourist attractions, the Eiffel Tower attracts 6 million tourists a year. In 2002, the total number of visitors reached 200 million. The Eiffel Tower was built between 1887 and 1889 by the firm of Gustave Eiffel as the entrance gate of the Expo 1889 Paris fair, which was organized as part of the centennial celebrations of the French Revolution. In fact, the architect of the tower is not Gustave Eiffel, but Stephen Sauvestre, who designed it on the order of Swiss Maurice Koechlin. He made the first designs with his colleague Emile Nouguier. The construction costs of the tower, which cost 7,739,401 francs 31 cents, are 1 million francs above Gustave Eiffel's estimates. When 1.9 million people visited in the 5 months before its opening date in 1889, 3/4 of the total expense was deducted by the end of the year. 3 thousand workers assembled 18 thousand 38 pieces of iron with 2.5 million rivets for 26 months. The fact that there were no death cases is surprising under the conditions of that day. However, the tower also attracted the reaction of the people of Paris, who saw it as a shame. While some artists liken it to a gigantic street lamp, they argued that it would damage the visual reputation of Paris like a factory chimney. Thus, a campaign was started around the artists and writers of the period, and leaflets signed by famous artists were distributed during this campaign. Today, the Eiffel Tower is considered one of the most beautiful architectural structures in the world.